What are the solutions
to avoid the loss of autonomy in elderly people?


The importance of regular physical activity for seniors.

Regardless of age, participating in regular sport is beneficial for your health; It improves physical conditions, prolongs active life and autonomy. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “People aged 65 and over should get 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week, or at least 75 minutes of high-intensity physical activity per week. The intensity of different forms of physical activity varies from person to person. For it to be beneficial from a cardiorespiratory endurance point of view, any activity should be performed in increments of at least 10 minutes. ”

Maintaining regular physical activity is therefore essential for the elderly. Walking is one of the most popular among our seniors. Accessible to anyone, anywhere and anytime, walking is ideal for improving the cardiovascular system, strengthening physical conditions and muscles, very gently. To break the isolation of some seniors, this activity can easily be done in a group.

Other activities that are gentler on the body can be done indoors, such as yoga or the gym. These activities, adapted to the age and level of the senior, make it possible to gain flexibility and balance, maintain muscles and relieve pain, especially back pain.

For people with health problems (arthritis, cardiovascular diseases in particular), the practice of Tai Chi Chuan, a traditional Chinese activity, can have positive effects on the heart and muscles. More generally, the practice of martial art is recommended to improve one’s balance.

The practice of these activities should not decrease with age, on the contrary! Sedentary lifestyle is one of the main causes of the loss of autonomy in the elderly:

  • Risk of more frequent falls,
  • Appearance of heart disease
  • Decreased immune defences
  •  Increased stress
  • Decreased social bond and increased risk of depression linked to loneliness

Lack of physical activity is therefore one of the main causes of loss of independence and the onset of disease in the elderly, since the main vital organs are no longer used as they should.

 

How does the NOVIAcare box measure the activity of the senior at home?

The first signs of loss of independence can usually occur around the age of 65. To avoid the occurrence of certain aggravating symptoms, the installation of the NOVIAcare remote assistance box allows you to read the potential degradation of the state of the person. Indeed, NOVIAcare will learn the lifestyle of the equipped person, these movements within their home, their entrances and exits, their daily activities in each room in relation to a given time. (ex: times of getting up, lunch, dinner, etc.).

Once this learning has been completed regarding the senior’s activity, NOVIAcare will be able to analyse his/her behaviour and detect any anomalies. If over the days and weeks NOVIAcare finds that there is less and less movement within the home, the warning signals will turn orange and then red in the event of a real deterioration in activity. This reduction of movements can have serious consequences: falls, risk of cardiovascular accidents, obesity …

These alerts are visible directly from the box but also via a mobile application so that relatives can anticipate, if the situation requires it, by setting up adequate services

 

Daily and weekly activity reports previews on the mobile app

What service (s) can be offered in the event of loss of mobility?

First, when a decrease in loss of autonomy is observed in the elderly, a medical consultation should be scheduled to take stock of their state of health. The general practitioner will then be able to assess the situation and prescribe, as needed, physiotherapy sessions, home care, medical devices (canes, walker) …

Beyond the medical visit, other services can be set up to support seniors in their daily life. Many do not necessarily think about it, adapting housing through a home audit for a health professional would help anticipate addiction.

The home audit is a complete inventory that concerns not only the interior of the home but also its environment. It is generally carried out by an occupational therapist whose objective is to offer the elderly solutions for fitting out their housing according to their needs, their lifestyle and their state of health in order to gain comfort, mobility and safety. and accessibility.

This study makes it possible to identify the potentially dangerous obstacles for a person who shows signs of fragility in terms of mobility, such as stairs, type of floor, furniture, rugs, kitchen elements, etc.

To promote mobility and maintain a social bond, the elderly can engage in group activities, such as scrabbles, card games, sewing, board games etc. The practice of these activities promotes their autonomy since it requires travel outside the home. The Social Action Centers of the municipalities are able to provide all the information relating to local activities.

 

In order to preserve their autonomy, it is absolutely essential for each elderly person to maintain a regular activity and fight against a sedentary lifestyle. Family members and caregivers must therefore remain vigilant on the evolution of their state of health and act to anticipate a possible loss of autonomy.